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Residential Segregation

Residential segregation is a key determinant of racial differences in socioeconomic mobility and can create social and physical risks in residential environments that adversely affect health (e.g., violence, mortality, and a variety of reproductive, infectious, and chronic diseases). The dashboard shows the segregation index to which Black and White residents live separately from one another in each county. The segregation index ranges from 0 (complete integration) to 100 (complete segregation). Residential segregation in all four counties between Black and White residents is similar with Beaufort and Jasper Counties having an increase in residential segregation.


Data Notes
Definition Residential Segregation:  The degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another in a geographic area. The index of dissimilarity is a demographic measure of the evenness with which two groups (Black and white residents) are distributed across the component geographic areas (census tracts) that make up a larger area (counties). The residential segregation index ranges from 0 (complete integration) to 100 (complete segregation). The index score can be interpreted as the percentage of either Black or white residents that would have to move to different geographic areas in order to produce a distribution that matches that of the larger area.
Data Source County Health Ranking and Roadmaps
Last Updated May 2024